CaseHOLD (Case Holdings On Legal Decisions) is a law dataset comprised of over 53,000+ multiple choice questions to identify the relevant holding of a cited case. This dataset presents a fundamental task to lawyers and is both legally meaningful and difficult from an NLP perspective (F1 of 0.4 with a BiLSTM baseline). The citing context from the judicial decision serves as the prompt for the question. The answer choices are holding statements derived from citations following text in a legal decision. There are five answer choices for each citing text. The correct answer is the holding statement that corresponds to the citing text. The four incorrect answers are other holding statements.