GSL (Greek Sign Language)

Introduced by Adaloglou et al. in A Comprehensive Study on Deep Learning-based Methods for Sign Language Recognition

Dataset Description

The Greek Sign Language (GSL) is a large-scale RGB+D dataset, suitable for Sign Language Recognition (SLR) and Sign Language Translation (SLT). The video captures are conducted using an Intel RealSense D435 RGB+D camera at a rate of 30 fps. Both the RGB and the depth streams are acquired in the same spatial resolution of 848×480 pixels. To increase variability in the videos, the camera position and orientation is slightly altered within subsequent recordings. Seven different signers are employed to perform 5 individual and commonly met scenarios in different public services. The average length of each scenario is twenty sentences.

The dataset contains 10,290 sentence instances, 40,785 gloss instances, 310 unique glosses (vocabulary size) and 331 unique sentences, with 4.23 glosses per sentence on average. Each signer is asked to perform the pre-defined dialogues five consecutive times. In all cases, the simulation considers a deaf person communicating with a single public service employee. The involved signer performs the sequence of glosses of both agents in the discussion. For the annotation of each gloss sequence, GSL linguistic experts are involved. The given annotations are at individual gloss and gloss sequence level. A translation of the gloss sentences to spoken Greek is also provided.


The GSL dataset includes the 3 evaluation setups:

  • Signer-dependent continuous sign language recognition (GSL SD) – roughly 80% of videos are used for training, corresponding to 8,189 instances. The rest 1,063 (10%) were kept for validation and 1,043 (10%) for testing.

  • Signer-independent continuous sign language recognition (GSL SI) – the selected test gloss sequences are not used in the training set, while all the individual glosses exist in the training set. In GSL SI, the recordings of one signer are left out for validation and testing (588 and 881 instances, respectively). The rest 8821 instances are utilized for training.

  • Isolated gloss sign language recognition (GSL isol.) – The validation set consists of 2,231 gloss instances, the test set 3,500, while the remaining 34,995 are used for training. All 310 unique glosses are seen in the training set.

For more info and results, advice our paper

Paper Abstract: A Comprehensive Study on Sign Language Recognition Methods, Adaloglou et al. 2020

In this paper, a comparative experimental assessment of computer vision-based methods for sign language recognition is conducted. By implementing the most recent deep neural network methods in this field, a thorough evaluation on multiple publicly available datasets is performed. The aim of the present study is to provide insights on sign language recognition, focusing on mapping non-segmented video streams to glosses. For this task, two new sequence training criteria, known from the fields of speech and scene text recognition, are introduced. Furthermore, a plethora of pretraining schemes are thoroughly discussed. Finally, a new RGB+D dataset for the Greek sign language is created. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first sign language dataset where sentence and gloss level annotations are provided for every video capture.

Arxiv link


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