MassiveText is a collection of large English-language text datasets from multiple sources: web pages, books, news articles, and code. The data pipeline includes text quality filtering, removal of repetitious text, deduplication of similar documents, and removal of documents with significant test-set overlap. MassiveText contains 2.35 billion documents or about 10.5 TB of text.

Usage: Gopher is trained on 300B tokens (12.8% of the tokens in the dataset), so the authors sub-sample from MassiveText with sampling proportions specified per subset (books, news, etc.). These sampling proportions are tuned to maximize downstream performance. The largest sampling subset is the curated web-text corpus MassiveWeb, which is found to improve downstream performance relative to existing web-text datasets such as C4 (Raffel et al., 2020).

Find Datasheets in the Gopher paper.


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