PCQM4Mv2 is a quantum chemistry dataset originally curated under the PubChemQC project. Based on the PubChemQC, we define a meaningful ML task of predicting DFT-calculated HOMO-LUMO energy gap of molecules given their 2D molecular graphs. The HOMO-LUMO gap is one of the most practically-relevant quantum chemical properties of molecules since it is related to reactivity, photoexcitation, and charge transport. Moreover, predicting the quantum chemical property only from 2D molecular graphs without their 3D equilibrium structures is also practically favorable. This is because obtaining 3D equilibrium structures requires DFT-based geometry optimization, which is expensive on its own.


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