Accurate modeling of priors over 3D human pose is fundamental to many problems in computer vision.
Most previous priors are either not general enough for the diverse nature of human poses or not restrictive enough to avoid invalid 3D poses. We propose a physically-motivated prior that only allows anthropometrically valid poses and restricts the ones that are invalid.
One can use joint-angle limits to evaluate whether two connected bones are valid or not. However, it is established in biomechanics that there are dependencies in joint-angle limits between certain pair of bones. For example how much one can flex one’s arm depends on whether it is in front of, or behind, the back. Medical textbooks only provide joint-angle limits in a few positions and the complete configuration of pose-dependent joint-angle limits for the full body is unknown.