The MNIST database (Modified National Institute of Standards and Technology database) is a large collection of handwritten digits. It has a training set of 60,000 examples, and a test set of 10,000 examples. It is a subset of a larger NIST Special Database 3 (digits written by employees of the United States Census Bureau) and Special Database 1 (digits written by high school students) which contain monochrome images of handwritten digits. The digits have been size-normalized and centered in a fixed-size image. The original black and white (bilevel) images from NIST were size normalized to fit in a 20x20 pixel box while preserving their aspect ratio. The resulting images contain grey levels as a result of the anti-aliasing technique used by the normalization algorithm. the images were centered in a 28x28 image by computing the center of mass of the pixels, and translating the image so as to position this point at the center of the 28x28 field.
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The Stanford Question Answering Dataset (SQuAD) is a collection of question-answer pairs derived from Wikipedia articles. In SQuAD, the correct answers of questions can be any sequence of tokens in the given text. Because the questions and answers are produced by humans through crowdsourcing, it is more diverse than some other question-answering datasets. SQuAD 1.1 contains 107,785 question-answer pairs on 536 articles. SQuAD2.0 (open-domain SQuAD, SQuAD-Open), the latest version, combines the 100,000 questions in SQuAD1.1 with over 50,000 un-answerable questions written adversarially by crowdworkers in forms that are similar to the answerable ones.
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The SNLI dataset (Stanford Natural Language Inference) consists of 570k sentence-pairs manually labeled as entailment, contradiction, and neutral. Premises are image captions from Flickr30k, while hypotheses were generated by crowd-sourced annotators who were shown a premise and asked to generate entailing, contradicting, and neutral sentences. Annotators were instructed to judge the relation between sentences given that they describe the same event. Each pair is labeled as “entailment”, “neutral”, “contradiction” or “-”, where “-” indicates that an agreement could not be reached.
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The Reddit dataset is a graph dataset from Reddit posts made in the month of September, 2014. The node label in this case is the community, or “subreddit”, that a post belongs to. 50 large communities have been sampled to build a post-to-post graph, connecting posts if the same user comments on both. In total this dataset contains 232,965 posts with an average degree of 492. The first 20 days are used for training and the remaining days for testing (with 30% used for validation). For features, off-the-shelf 300-dimensional GloVe CommonCrawl word vectors are used.
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HotpotQA is a question answering dataset collected on the English Wikipedia, containing about 113K crowd-sourced questions that are constructed to require the introduction paragraphs of two Wikipedia articles to answer. Each question in the dataset comes with the two gold paragraphs, as well as a list of sentences in these paragraphs that crowdworkers identify as supporting facts necessary to answer the question.
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CNN/Daily Mail is a dataset for text summarization. Human generated abstractive summary bullets were generated from news stories in CNN and Daily Mail websites as questions (with one of the entities hidden), and stories as the corresponding passages from which the system is expected to answer the fill-in the-blank question. The authors released the scripts that crawl, extract and generate pairs of passages and questions from these websites.
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WMT 2014 is a collection of datasets used in shared tasks of the Ninth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation. The workshop featured four tasks:
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WMT 2016 is a collection of datasets used in shared tasks of the First Conference on Machine Translation. The conference builds on ten previous Workshops on statistical Machine Translation.
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Paraphrase Adversaries from Word Scrambling (PAWS) is a dataset contains 108,463 human-labeled and 656k noisily labeled pairs that feature the importance of modeling structure, context, and word order information for the problem of paraphrase identification. The dataset has two subsets, one based on Wikipedia and the other one based on the Quora Question Pairs (QQP) dataset.
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WikiHow is a dataset of more than 230,000 article and summary pairs extracted and constructed from an online knowledge base written by different human authors. The articles span a wide range of topics and represent high diversity styles.
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A new dataset with abstractive dialogue summaries.
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ELI5 is a dataset for long-form question answering. It contains 270K complex, diverse questions that require explanatory multi-sentence answers. Web search results are used as evidence documents to answer each question.
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Multi-News, consists of news articles and human-written summaries of these articles from the site newser.com. Each summary is professionally written by editors and includes links to the original articles cited.
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MathQA significantly enhances the AQuA dataset with fully-specified operational programs.
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Consists of 1.3 million records of U.S. patent documents along with human written abstractive summaries.
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A large-scale MultiLingual SUMmarization dataset. Obtained from online newspapers, it contains 1.5M+ article/summary pairs in five different languages -- namely, French, German, Spanish, Russian, Turkish. Together with English newspapers from the popular CNN/Daily mail dataset, the collected data form a large scale multilingual dataset which can enable new research directions for the text summarization community.
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BillSum is the first dataset for summarization of US Congressional and California state bills.
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CCMatrix uses ten snapshots of a curated common crawl corpus (Wenzek et al., 2019) totalling 32.7 billion unique sentences.
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The Tatoeba dataset consists of up to 1,000 English-aligned sentence pairs covering 122 languages.
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The Extreme Summarization (XSum) dataset is a dataset for evaluation of abstractive single-document summarization systems. The goal is to create a short, one-sentence new summary answering the question “What is the article about?”. The dataset consists of 226,711 news articles accompanied with a one-sentence summary. The articles are collected from BBC articles (2010 to 2017) and cover a wide variety of domains (e.g., News, Politics, Sports, Weather, Business, Technology, Science, Health, Family, Education, Entertainment and Arts). The official random split contains 204,045 (90%), 11,332 (5%) and 11,334 (5) documents in training, validation and test sets, respectively.
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A new multi-target dataset of 5.4K TLDRs over 3.2K papers. SciTLDR contains both author-written and expert-derived TLDRs, where the latter are collected using a novel annotation protocol that produces high-quality summaries while minimizing annotation burden.
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The dataset is collected from 159 Critical Role episodes transcribed to text dialogues, consisting of 398,682 turns. It also includes corresponding abstractive summaries collected from the Fandom wiki. The dataset is linguistically unique in that the narratives are generated entirely through player collaboration and spoken interaction.
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Source: BARThez: a Skilled Pretrained French Sequence-to-Sequence Model
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The MultiUN parallel corpus is extracted from the United Nations Website , and then cleaned and converted to XML at Language Technology Lab in DFKI GmbH (LT-DFKI), Germany. The documents were published by UN from 2000 to 2009.
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