Normalization

Adaptive Instance Normalization

Introduced by Huang et al. in Arbitrary Style Transfer in Real-time with Adaptive Instance Normalization

Adaptive Instance Normalization is a normalization method that aligns the mean and variance of the content features with those of the style features.

Instance Normalization normalizes the input to a single style specified by the affine parameters. Adaptive Instance Normaliation is an extension. In AdaIN, we receive a content input $x$ and a style input $y$, and we simply align the channel-wise mean and variance of $x$ to match those of $y$. Unlike Batch Normalization, Instance Normalization or Conditional Instance Normalization, AdaIN has no learnable affine parameters. Instead, it adaptively computes the affine parameters from the style input:

$$ \textrm{AdaIN}(x, y)= \sigma(y)\left(\frac{x-\mu(x)}{\sigma(x)}\right)+\mu(y) $$

Source: Arbitrary Style Transfer in Real-time with Adaptive Instance Normalization

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