Self-Supervised Learning

Bootstrap Your Own Latent

Introduced by Grill et al. in Bootstrap Your Own Latent - A New Approach to Self-Supervised Learning

BYOL (Bootstrap Your Own Latent) is a new approach to self-supervised learning. BYOL’s goal is to learn a representation $y_θ$ which can then be used for downstream tasks. BYOL uses two neural networks to learn: the online and target networks. The online network is defined by a set of weights $θ$ and is comprised of three stages: an encoder $f_θ$, a projector $g_θ$ and a predictor $q_θ$. The target network has the same architecture as the online network, but uses a different set of weights $ξ$. The target network provides the regression targets to train the online network, and its parameters $ξ$ are an exponential moving average of the online parameters $θ$.

Given the architecture diagram on the right, BYOL minimizes a similarity loss between $q_θ(z_θ)$ and $sg(z'{_ξ})$, where $θ$ are the trained weights, $ξ$ are an exponential moving average of $θ$ and $sg$ means stop-gradient. At the end of training, everything but $f_θ$ is discarded, and $y_θ$ is used as the image representation.

Source: Bootstrap Your Own Latent - A New Approach to Self-Supervised Learning

Image credit: Bootstrap Your Own Latent - A New Approach to Self-Supervised Learning

Source: Bootstrap Your Own Latent - A New Approach to Self-Supervised Learning

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