Contrastive Language-Image Pre-training (CLIP), consisting of a simplified version of ConVIRT trained from scratch, is an efficient method of image representation learning from natural language supervision. , CLIP jointly trains an image encoder and a text encoder to predict the correct pairings of a batch of (image, text) training examples. At test time the learned text encoder synthesizes a zero-shot linear classifier by embedding the names or descriptions of the target dataset’s classes.
For pre-training, CLIP is trained to predict which of the $N X N$ possible (image, text) pairings across a batch actually occurred. CLIP learns a multi-modal embedding space by jointly training an image encoder and text encoder to maximize the cosine similarity of the image and text embeddings of the $N$ real pairs in the batch while minimizing the cosine similarity of the embeddings of the $N^2 - N$ incorrect pairings. A symmetric cross entropy loss is optimized over these similarity scores.Source: Learning Transferable Visual Models From Natural Language Supervision
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