Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) is an orthogonal transformation method that decomposes an image to its spatial frequency spectrum. It expresses a finite sequence of data points in terms of a sum of cosine functions oscillating at different frequencies. It is used a lot in compression tasks, e..g image compression where for example high-frequency components can be discarded. It is a type of Fourier-related Transform, similar to discrete fourier transforms (DFTs), but only using real numbers.
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