3D Convolutional Neural Networks for Dendrite Segmentation Using Fine-Tuning and Hyperparameter Optimization

Dendritic microstructures are ubiquitous in nature and are the primary solidification morphologies in metallic materials. Techniques such as x-ray computed tomography (XCT) have provided new insights into dendritic phase transformation phenomena. However, manual identification of dendritic morphologies in microscopy data can be both labor intensive and potentially ambiguous. The analysis of 3D datasets is particularly challenging due to their large sizes (terabytes) and the presence of artifacts scattered within the imaged volumes. In this study, we trained 3D convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to segment 3D datasets. Three CNN architectures were investigated, including a new 3D version of FCDense. We show that using hyperparameter optimization (HPO) and fine-tuning techniques, both 2D and 3D CNN architectures can be trained to outperform the previous state of the art. The 3D U-Net architecture trained in this study produced the best segmentations according to quantitative metrics (pixel-wise accuracy of 99.84% and a boundary displacement error of 0.58 pixels), while 3D FCDense produced the smoothest boundaries and best segmentations according to visual inspection. The trained 3D CNNs are able to segment entire 852 x 852 x 250 voxel 3D volumes in only ~60 seconds, thus hastening the progress towards a deeper understanding of phase transformation phenomena such as dendritic solidification.

PDF Abstract
No code implementations yet. Submit your code now


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.