A Comparison of Label-Synchronous and Frame-Synchronous End-to-End Models for Speech Recognition

20 May 2020  ·  Linhao Dong, Cheng Yi, Jianzong Wang, Shiyu Zhou, Shuang Xu, Xueli Jia, Bo Xu ·

End-to-end models are gaining wider attention in the field of automatic speech recognition (ASR). One of their advantages is the simplicity of building that directly recognizes the speech frame sequence into the text label sequence by neural networks. According to the driving end in the recognition process, end-to-end ASR models could be categorized into two types: label-synchronous and frame-synchronous, each of which has unique model behaviour and characteristic. In this work, we make a detailed comparison on a representative label-synchronous model (transformer) and a soft frame-synchronous model (continuous integrate-and-fire (CIF) based model). The results on three public dataset and a large-scale dataset with 12000 hours of training data show that the two types of models have respective advantages that are consistent with their synchronous mode.

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