A hybrid data driven-physics constrained Gaussian process regression framework with deep kernel for uncertainty quantification

13 May 2022  ·  Cheng Chang, Tieyong Zeng ·

Gaussian process regression (GPR) has been a well-known machine learning method for various applications such as uncertainty quantifications (UQ). However, GPR is inherently a data-driven method, which requires sufficiently large dataset. If appropriate physics constraints (e.g. expressed in partial differential equations) can be incorporated, the amount of data can be greatly reduced and the accuracy further improved. In this work, we propose a hybrid data driven-physics constrained Gaussian process regression framework. We encode the physics knowledge with Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution and derive our model through maximum likelihood (ML) approach. We apply deep kernel learning method. The proposed model learns from both data and physics constraints through the training of a deep neural network, which serves as part of the covariance function in GPR. The proposed model achieves good results in high-dimensional problem, and correctly propagate the uncertainty, with very limited labelled data provided.

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