Task-Agnostic Learning to Accomplish New Tasks

9 Sep 2022  ·  Xianqi Zhang, Xingtao Wang, Xu Liu, Wenrui Wang, Xiaopeng Fan, Debin Zhao ·

Reinforcement Learning (RL) and Imitation Learning (IL) have made great progress in robotic control in recent years. However, these methods show obvious deterioration for new tasks that need to be completed through new combinations of actions. RL methods heavily rely on reward functions that cannot generalize well for new tasks, while IL methods are limited by expert demonstrations which do not cover new tasks. In contrast, humans can easily complete these tasks with the fragmented knowledge learned from task-agnostic experience. Inspired by this observation, this paper proposes a task-agnostic learning method (TAL for short) that can learn fragmented knowledge from task-agnostic data to accomplish new tasks. TAL consists of four stages. First, the task-agnostic exploration is performed to collect data from interactions with the environment. The collected data is organized via a knowledge graph. Compared with the previous sequential structure, the knowledge graph representation is more compact and fits better for environment exploration. Second, an action feature extractor is proposed and trained using the collected knowledge graph data for task-agnostic fragmented knowledge learning. Third, a candidate action generator is designed, which applies the action feature extractor on a new task to generate multiple candidate action sets. Finally, an action proposal is designed to produce the probabilities for actions in a new task according to the environmental information. The probabilities are then used to select actions to be executed from multiple candidate action sets to form the plan. Experiments on a virtual indoor scene show that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art offline RL method: CQL by 35.28% and the IL method: BC by 22.22%.

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