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A non-convex approach to low-rank and sparse matrix decomposition

In this paper, we develop a nonconvex approach to the problem of low-rank and sparse matrix decomposition. In our nonconvex method, we replace the rank function and the $l_{0}$-norm of a given matrix with a non-convex fraction function on the singular values and the elements of the matrix respectively. An alternative direction method of multipliers algorithm is utilized to solve our proposed nonconvex problem with the nonconvex fraction function penalty. Numerical experiments on some low-rank and sparse matrix decomposition problems show that our method performs very well in recovering low-rank matrices which are heavily corrupted by large sparse errors.

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