A Novel Visual Word Co-occurrence Model for Person Re-identification

24 Oct 2014  ·  Ziming Zhang, Yu-Ting Chen, Venkatesh Saligrama ·

Person re-identification aims to maintain the identity of an individual in diverse locations through different non-overlapping camera views. The problem is fundamentally challenging due to appearance variations resulting from differing poses, illumination and configurations of camera views. To deal with these difficulties, we propose a novel visual word co-occurrence model. We first map each pixel of an image to a visual word using a codebook, which is learned in an unsupervised manner. The appearance transformation between camera views is encoded by a co-occurrence matrix of visual word joint distributions in probe and gallery images. Our appearance model naturally accounts for spatial similarities and variations caused by pose, illumination & configuration change across camera views. Linear SVMs are then trained as classifiers using these co-occurrence descriptors. On the VIPeR and CUHK Campus benchmark datasets, our method achieves 83.86% and 85.49% at rank-15 on the Cumulative Match Characteristic (CMC) curves, and beats the state-of-the-art results by 10.44% and 22.27%.

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