A user-driven case-based reasoning tool for infilling missing values in daily mean river flow records

Missing data in river flow records represent a loss of information and a serious drawback in water management. In this work, we introduce gapIt, a user-driven case-based reasoning tool for infilling gaps in daily mean river flow records. Given a set of flow time series, gapIt builds a database of artificial gaps for which it computes several flow estimates, to find the best combinations of infilling algorithm and automatically selected donor station(s), according to state-of-the-art performance indicators. We obtained satisfactory results with Nash-Sutcliffe >0.7 for more than half of the ∼5000 synthetic gaps of various lengths and positions, randomly created along the available records. gapIt was evaluated on 24 daily river discharge time series recorded in Luxembourg over seven years from 01/01/2007 to 31/12/2013. We also discuss the benefits of coupling this approach with user-expertise for an improved infilling of real data gaps.

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