PIGNet2: A Versatile Deep Learning-based Protein-Ligand Interaction Prediction Model for Binding Affinity Scoring and Virtual Screening

3 Jul 2023  ·  Seokhyun Moon, Sang-Yeon Hwang, Jaechang Lim, Woo Youn Kim ·

Prediction of protein-ligand interactions (PLI) plays a crucial role in drug discovery as it guides the identification and optimization of molecules that effectively bind to target proteins. Despite remarkable advances in deep learning-based PLI prediction, the development of a versatile model capable of accurately scoring binding affinity and conducting efficient virtual screening remains a challenge. The main obstacle in achieving this lies in the scarcity of experimental structure-affinity data, which limits the generalization ability of existing models. Here, we propose a viable solution to address this challenge by introducing a novel data augmentation strategy combined with a physics-informed graph neural network. The model showed significant improvements in both scoring and screening, outperforming task-specific deep learning models in various tests including derivative benchmarks, and notably achieving results comparable to the state-of-the-art performance based on distance likelihood learning. This demonstrates the potential of this approach to drug discovery.

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