Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. The most common
screening technology is mammography...
To reduce the cost and workload of
radiologists, we propose a computer aided detection approach for classifying
and localizing calcifications and masses in mammogram images. To improve on
conventional approaches, we apply deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) for
automatic feature learning and classifier building. In computer-aided
mammography, deep CNN classifiers cannot be trained directly on full mammogram
images because of the loss of image details from resizing at input layers. Instead, our classifiers are trained on labelled image patches and then adapted
to work on full mammogram images for localizing the abnormalities. State-of-the-art deep convolutional neural networks are compared on their
performance of classifying the abnormalities. Experimental results indicate
that VGGNet receives the best overall accuracy at 92.53\% in classifications. For localizing abnormalities, ResNet is selected for computing class activation
maps because it is ready to be deployed without structural change or further
training. Our approach demonstrates that deep convolutional neural network
classifiers have remarkable localization capabilities despite no supervision on
the location of abnormalities is provided.