Accelerating SpMM Kernel with Cache-First Edge Sampling for Graph Neural Networks

21 Apr 2021  ·  Chien-Yu Lin, Liang Luo, Luis Ceze ·

Graph neural networks (GNNs), an emerging deep learning model class, can extract meaningful representations from highly expressive graph-structured data and are therefore gaining popularity for wider ranges of applications. However, current GNNs suffer from the poor performance of their sparse-dense matrix multiplication (SpMM) operator, even when using powerful GPUs... Our analysis shows that 95% of the inference time could be spent on SpMM when running popular GNN models on NVIDIA's advanced V100 GPU. Such SpMM performance bottleneck hinders GNNs' applicability to large-scale problems or the development of more sophisticated GNN models. To address this inference time bottleneck, we introduce ES-SpMM, a cache-first edge sampling mechanism and codesigned SpMM kernel. ES-SpMM uses edge sampling to downsize the graph to fit into GPU's shared memory. It thus reduces the computation cost and improves SpMM's cache locality. To evaluate ES-SpMM's performance, we integrated it with a popular GNN framework, DGL, and tested it using representative GNN models and datasets. Our results show that ES-SpMM outperforms the highly optimized cuSPARSE SpMM kernel by up to 4.35x with no accuracy loss and by 45.3x with less than a 1% accuracy loss. read more

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