An Efficient Machine-Learning Approach for PDF Tabulation in Turbulent Combustion Closure

18 May 2020  ·  Rishikesh Ranade, Genong Li, Shaoping Li, Tarek Echekki ·

Probability density function (PDF) based turbulent combustion modelling is limited by the need to store multi-dimensional PDF tables that can take up large amounts of memory. A significant saving in storage can be achieved by using various machine-learning techniques that represent the thermo-chemical quantities of a PDF table using mathematical functions. These functions can be computationally more expensive than the existing interpolation methods used for thermo-chemical quantities. More importantly, the training time can amount to a considerable portion of the simulation time. In this work, we address these issues by introducing an adaptive training algorithm that relies on multi-layer perception (MLP) neural networks for regression and self-organizing maps (SOMs) for clustering data to tabulate using different networks. The algorithm is designed to address both the multi-dimensionality of the PDF table as well as the computational efficiency of the proposed algorithm. SOM clustering divides the PDF table into several parts based on similarities in data. Each cluster of data is trained using an MLP algorithm on simple network architectures to generate local functions for thermo-chemical quantities. The algorithm is validated for the so-called DLR-A turbulent jet diffusion flame using both RANS and LES simulations and the results of the PDF tabulation are compared to the standard linear interpolation method. The comparison yields a very good agreement between the two tabulation techniques and establishes the MLP-SOM approach as a viable method for PDF tabulation.

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