An Interpretable Constructive Algorithm for Incremental Random Weight Neural Networks and Its Application

1 Jul 2023  ·  Jing Nan, Wei Dai, Guan Yuan, Ping Zhou ·

Incremental random weight neural networks (IRWNNs) have gained attention in view of its easy implementation and fast learning. However, a significant drawback of IRWNNs is that the elationship between the hidden parameters (node)and the residual error (model performance) is difficult to be interpreted. To address the above issue, this article proposes an interpretable constructive algorithm (ICA) with geometric information constraint. First, based on the geometric relationship between the hidden parameters and the residual error, an interpretable geometric information constraint is proposed to randomly assign the hidden parameters. Meanwhile, a node pool strategy is employed to obtain hidden parameters that is more conducive to convergence from hidden parameters satisfying the proposed constraint. Furthermore, the universal approximation property of the ICA is proved. Finally, a lightweight version of ICA is presented for large-scale data modeling tasks. Experimental results on six benchmark datasets and a numerical simulation dataset demonstrate that the ICA outperforms other constructive algorithms in terms of modeling speed, model accuracy, and model network structure. Besides, two practical industrial application case are used to validate the effectiveness of ICA in practical applications.

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