AudioVisual Speech Synthesis: A brief literature review

18 Feb 2021  ·  Efthymios Georgiou, Athanasios Katsamanis ·

This brief literature review studies the problem of audiovisual speech synthesis, which is the problem of generating an animated talking head given a text as input. Due to the high complexity of this problem, we approach it as the composition of two problems... Specifically, that of Text-to-Speech (TTS) synthesis as well as the voice-driven talking head animation. For TTS, we present models that are used to map text to intermediate acoustic representations, e.g. mel-spectrograms, as well as models that generate voice signals conditioned on these intermediate representations, i.e vocoders. For the talking-head animation problem, we categorize approaches based on whether they produce human faces or anthropomorphic figures. An attempt is also made to discuss the importance of the choice of facial models in the second case. Throughout the review, we briefly describe the most important work in audiovisual speech synthesis, trying to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the various approaches. read more

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