Automatic Related Work Generation: A Meta Study

6 Jan 2022  ·  Xiangci Li, Jessica Ouyang ·

Academic research is an exploration activity to solve problems that have never been resolved before. By this nature, each academic research work is required to perform a literature review to distinguish its novelties that have not been addressed by prior works. In natural language processing, this literature review is usually conducted under the "Related Work" section. The task of automatic related work generation aims to automatically generate the "Related Work" section given the rest of the research paper and a list of cited papers. Although this task was proposed over 10 years ago, it received little attention until very recently, when it was cast as a variant of the scientific multi-document summarization problem. However, even today, the problems of automatic related work and citation text generation are not yet standardized. In this survey, we conduct a meta-study to compare the existing literature on related work generation from the perspectives of problem formulation, dataset collection, methodological approach, performance evaluation, and future prospects to provide the reader insight into the progress of the state-of-the-art studies, as well as and how future studies can be conducted. We also survey relevant fields of study that we suggest future work to consider integrating.

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