Blind Coherent Preamble Detection via Neural Networks

30 Sep 2021  ·  Jafar Mohammadi, Gerhard Schreiber, Thorsten Wild, Yejian Chen ·

In wireless communications systems, the user equipment (UE) transmits a random access preamble sequence to the base station (BS) to be detected and synchronized. In standardized cellular communications systems Zadoff-Chu sequences has been proposed due to their constant amplitude zero autocorrelation (CAZAC) properties... The conventional approach is to use matched filters to detect the sequence. Sequences arrived from different antennas and time instances are summed up to reduce the noise variance. Since the knowledge of the channel is unknown at this stage, a coherent combining scheme would be very difficult to implement. In this work, we leverage the system design knowledge and propose a neural network (NN) sequence detector and timing advanced estimator. We do not replace the whole process of preamble detection by a NN. Instead, we propose to use NN only for \textit{blind} coherent combining of the signals in the detector to compensate for the channel effect, thus maximize the signal to noise ratio. We have further reduced the problem's complexity using Kronecker approximation model for channel covariance matrices, thereby, reducing the size of required NN. The analysis on timing advanced estimation and sequences detection has been performed and compared with the matched filter baseline. read more

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