Both Diverse and Realism Matter: Physical Attribute and Style Alignment for Rainy Image Generation

Although considerable progress has been made in the deraining task under synthetic data, it is still a tough problem under real rain scenes, due to the domain gap between the synthetic and real data. Besides, difficulties in collecting and labeling diverse real rain images hinder the progress of this field. Consequently, we attempt to promote real rain removal from rain image generation (RIG) perspective. Existing RIG methods mainly focus on diversity but miss realistic, or the realistic but neglect diversity of the generation. To solve this dilemma, we propose a physical alignment and controllable generation network (PCGNet) for diverse and realistic rain generation. Our key idea is to simultaneously utilize the controllability of attributes from synthetic and the realism of appearance from real data. Specifically, we devise a unified framework to disentangle background, rain attributes, and appearance style from synthetic and real data. Then we collaboratively align the factors with a novel semi-supervised weight moving strategy for attribute, an explicit distribution modeling method for real rain style. Furthermore, we pack these aligned factors into the generation model, achieving physical controllable mapping from the attributes to real rainy with image-level and attribute-level consistency loss. Extensive experiments show that PCGNet can effectively generate appealing rainy results, which sifnicantltly improve the performance under synthetic and real scenes for all existing deraining methods.

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