Bounded Residual Gradient Networks (BReG-Net) for Facial Affect Computing

5 Mar 2019  ·  Behzad Hasani, Pooran Singh Negi, Mohammad H. Mahoor ·

Residual-based neural networks have shown remarkable results in various visual recognition tasks including Facial Expression Recognition (FER). Despite the tremendous efforts have been made to improve the performance of FER systems using DNNs, existing methods are not generalizable enough for practical applications. This paper introduces Bounded Residual Gradient Networks (BReG-Net) for facial expression recognition, in which the shortcut connection between the input and the output of the ResNet module is replaced with a differentiable function with a bounded gradient. This configuration prevents the network from facing the vanishing or exploding gradient problem. We show that utilizing such non-linear units will result in shallower networks with better performance. Further, by using a weighted loss function which gives a higher priority to less represented categories, we can achieve an overall better recognition rate. The results of our experiments show that BReG-Nets outperform state-of-the-art methods on three publicly available facial databases in the wild, on both the categorical and dimensional models of affect.

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