C3-SL: Circular Convolution-Based Batch-Wise Compression for Communication-Efficient Split Learning

25 Jul 2022  ·  Cheng-Yen Hsieh, Yu-Chuan Chuang, An-Yeu, Wu ·

Most existing studies improve the efficiency of Split learning (SL) by compressing the transmitted features. However, most works focus on dimension-wise compression that transforms high-dimensional features into a low-dimensional space. In this paper, we propose circular convolution-based batch-wise compression for SL (C3-SL) to compress multiple features into one single feature. To avoid information loss while merging multiple features, we exploit the quasi-orthogonality of features in high-dimensional space with circular convolution and superposition. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to explore the potential of batch-wise compression under the SL scenario. Based on the simulation results on CIFAR-10 and CIFAR-100, our method achieves a 16x compression ratio with negligible accuracy drops compared with the vanilla SL. Moreover, C3-SL significantly reduces 1152x memory and 2.25x computation overhead compared to the state-of-the-art dimension-wise compression method.

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