Cardiac Motion Scoring with Segment- and Subject-level Non-Local Modeling

14 Jun 2018  ·  Wufeng Xue, Gary Brahm, Stephanie Leung, Ogla Shmuilovich, Shuo Li ·

Motion scoring of cardiac myocardium is of paramount importance for early detection and diagnosis of various cardiac disease. It aims at identifying regional wall motions into one of the four types including normal, hypokinetic, akinetic, and dyskinetic, and is extremely challenging due to the complex myocardium deformation and subtle inter-class difference of motion patterns. All existing work on automated motion analysis are focused on binary abnormality detection to avoid the much more demanding motion scoring, which is urgently required in real clinical practice yet has never been investigated before. In this work, we propose Cardiac-MOS, the first powerful method for cardiac motion scoring from cardiac MR sequences based on deep convolution neural network. Due to the locality of convolution, the relationship between distant non-local responses of the feature map cannot be explored, which is closely related to motion difference between segments. In Cardiac-MOS, such non-local relationship is modeled with non-local neural network within each segment and across all segments of one subject, i.e., segment- and subject-level non-local modeling, and lead to obvious performance improvement. Besides, Cardiac-MOS can effectively extract motion information from MR sequences of various lengths by interpolating the convolution kernel along the temporal dimension, therefore can be applied to MR sequences of multiple sources. Experiments on 1440 myocardium segments of 90 subjects from short axis MR sequences of multiple lengths prove that Cardiac-MOS achieves reliable performance, with correlation of 0.926 for motion score index estimation and accuracy of 77.4\% for motion scoring. Cardiac-MOS also outperforms all existing work for binary abnormality detection. As the first automatic motion scoring solution, Cardiac-MOS demonstrates great potential in future clinical application.

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