Categories of Response-Based, Feature-Based, and Relation-Based Knowledge Distillation

19 Jun 2023  ·  Chuanguang Yang, Xinqiang Yu, Zhulin An, Yongjun Xu ·

Deep neural networks have achieved remarkable performance for artificial intelligence tasks. The success behind intelligent systems often relies on large-scale models with high computational complexity and storage costs. The over-parameterized networks are often easy to optimize and can achieve better performance. However, it is challenging to deploy them over resource-limited edge-devices. Knowledge Distillation (KD) aims to optimize a lightweight network from the perspective of over-parameterized training. The traditional offline KD transfers knowledge from a cumbersome teacher to a small and fast student network. When a sizeable pre-trained teacher network is unavailable, online KD can improve a group of models by collaborative or mutual learning. Without needing extra models, Self-KD boosts the network itself using attached auxiliary architectures. KD mainly involves knowledge extraction and distillation strategies these two aspects. Beyond KD schemes, various KD algorithms are widely used in practical applications, such as multi-teacher KD, cross-modal KD, attention-based KD, data-free KD and adversarial KD. This paper provides a comprehensive KD survey, including knowledge categories, distillation schemes and algorithms, as well as some empirical studies on performance comparison. Finally, we discuss the open challenges of existing KD works and prospect the future directions.

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