Characterizing Learning Dynamics of Deep Neural Networks via Complex Networks

6 Oct 2021  ·  Emanuele La Malfa, Gabriele La Malfa, Giuseppe Nicosia, Vito Latora ·

In this paper, we interpret Deep Neural Networks with Complex Network Theory. Complex Network Theory (CNT) represents Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) as directed weighted graphs to study them as dynamical systems. We efficiently adapt CNT measures to examine the evolution of the learning process of DNNs with different initializations and architectures: we introduce metrics for nodes/neurons and layers, namely Nodes Strength and Layers Fluctuation. Our framework distills trends in the learning dynamics and separates low from high accurate networks. We characterize populations of neural networks (ensemble analysis) and single instances (individual analysis). We tackle standard problems of image recognition, for which we show that specific learning dynamics are indistinguishable when analysed through the solely Link-Weights analysis. Further, Nodes Strength and Layers Fluctuations make unprecedented behaviours emerge: accurate networks, when compared to under-trained models, show substantially divergent distributions with the greater extremity of deviations. On top of this study, we provide an efficient implementation of the CNT metrics for both Convolutional and Fully Connected Networks, to fasten the research in this direction.

PDF Abstract


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here