ChatGPT Chemistry Assistant for Text Mining and Prediction of MOF Synthesis

20 Jun 2023  ·  Zhiling Zheng, Oufan Zhang, Christian Borgs, Jennifer T. Chayes, Omar M. Yaghi ·

We use prompt engineering to guide ChatGPT in the automation of text mining of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) synthesis conditions from diverse formats and styles of the scientific literature. This effectively mitigates ChatGPT's tendency to hallucinate information -- an issue that previously made the use of Large Language Models (LLMs) in scientific fields challenging. Our approach involves the development of a workflow implementing three different processes for text mining, programmed by ChatGPT itself. All of them enable parsing, searching, filtering, classification, summarization, and data unification with different tradeoffs between labor, speed, and accuracy. We deploy this system to extract 26,257 distinct synthesis parameters pertaining to approximately 800 MOFs sourced from peer-reviewed research articles. This process incorporates our ChemPrompt Engineering strategy to instruct ChatGPT in text mining, resulting in impressive precision, recall, and F1 scores of 90-99%. Furthermore, with the dataset built by text mining, we constructed a machine-learning model with over 86% accuracy in predicting MOF experimental crystallization outcomes and preliminarily identifying important factors in MOF crystallization. We also developed a reliable data-grounded MOF chatbot to answer questions on chemical reactions and synthesis procedures. Given that the process of using ChatGPT reliably mines and tabulates diverse MOF synthesis information in a unified format, while using only narrative language requiring no coding expertise, we anticipate that our ChatGPT Chemistry Assistant will be very useful across various other chemistry sub-disciplines.

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