CodeRetriever: Unimodal and Bimodal Contrastive Learning

In this paper, we propose the CodeRetriever model, which combines the unimodal and bimodal contrastive learning to train function-level code semantic representations, specifically for the code search task. For unimodal contrastive learning, we design a semantic-guided method to build positive code pairs based on the documentation and function name. For bimodal contrastive learning, we leverage the documentation and in-line comments of code to build text-code pairs. Both contrastive objectives can fully leverage the large-scale code corpus for pre-training. Experimental results on several public benchmarks, (i.e., CodeSearch, CoSQA, etc.) demonstrate the effectiveness of CodeRetriever in the zero-shot setting. By fine-tuning with domain/language specified downstream data, CodeRetriever achieves the new state-of-the-art performance with significant improvement over existing code pre-trained models. We will make the code, model checkpoint, and constructed datasets publicly available.

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