Combinatorial Client-Master Multiagent Deep Reinforcement Learning for Task Offloading in Mobile Edge Computing

18 Feb 2024  ·  Tesfay Zemuy Gebrekidan, Sebastian Stein, Timothy J. Norman ·

Recently, there has been an explosion of mobile applications that perform computationally intensive tasks such as video streaming, data mining, virtual reality, augmented reality, image processing, video processing, face recognition, and online gaming. However, user devices (UDs), such as tablets and smartphones, have a limited ability to perform the computation needs of the tasks. Mobile edge computing (MEC) has emerged as a promising technology to meet the increasing computing demands of UDs. Task offloading in MEC is a strategy that meets the demands of UDs by distributing tasks between UDs and MEC servers. Deep reinforcement learning (DRL) is gaining attention in task-offloading problems because it can adapt to dynamic changes and minimize online computational complexity. However, the various types of continuous and discrete resource constraints on UDs and MEC servers pose challenges to the design of an efficient DRL-based task-offloading strategy. Existing DRL-based task-offloading algorithms focus on the constraints of the UDs, assuming the availability of enough storage resources on the server. Moreover, existing multiagent DRL (MADRL)--based task-offloading algorithms are homogeneous agents and consider homogeneous constraints as a penalty in their reward function. We proposed a novel combinatorial client-master MADRL (CCM\_MADRL) algorithm for task offloading in MEC (CCM\_MADRL\_MEC) that enables UDs to decide their resource requirements and the server to make a combinatorial decision based on the requirements of the UDs. CCM\_MADRL\_MEC is the first MADRL in task offloading to consider server storage capacity in addition to the constraints in the UDs. By taking advantage of the combinatorial action selection, CCM\_MADRL\_MEC has shown superior convergence over existing MADDPG and heuristic algorithms.

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