Conformer: Local Features Coupling Global Representations for Visual Recognition

Within Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), the convolution operations are good at extracting local features but experience difficulty to capture global representations. Within visual transformer, the cascaded self-attention modules can capture long-distance feature dependencies but unfortunately deteriorate local feature details. In this paper, we propose a hybrid network structure, termed Conformer, to take advantage of convolutional operations and self-attention mechanisms for enhanced representation learning. Conformer roots in the Feature Coupling Unit (FCU), which fuses local features and global representations under different resolutions in an interactive fashion. Conformer adopts a concurrent structure so that local features and global representations are retained to the maximum extent. Experiments show that Conformer, under the comparable parameter complexity, outperforms the visual transformer (DeiT-B) by 2.3% on ImageNet. On MSCOCO, it outperforms ResNet-101 by 3.7% and 3.6% mAPs for object detection and instance segmentation, respectively, demonstrating the great potential to be a general backbone network. Code is available at

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Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Image Classification ImageNet Conformer-B Top 1 Accuracy 84.1% # 299
Number of params 83.3M # 768
Hardware Burden None # 1
Operations per network pass None # 1
GFLOPs 46.6 # 407