ContentCTR: Frame-level Live Streaming Click-Through Rate Prediction with Multimodal Transformer

26 Jun 2023  ·  Jiaxin Deng, Dong Shen, Shiyao Wang, Xiangyu Wu, Fan Yang, Guorui Zhou, Gaofeng Meng ·

In recent years, live streaming platforms have gained immense popularity as they allow users to broadcast their videos and interact in real-time with hosts and peers. Due to the dynamic changes of live content, accurate recommendation models are crucial for enhancing user experience. However, most previous works treat the live as a whole item and explore the Click-through-Rate (CTR) prediction framework on item-level, neglecting that the dynamic changes that occur even within the same live room. In this paper, we proposed a ContentCTR model that leverages multimodal transformer for frame-level CTR prediction. First, we present an end-to-end framework that can make full use of multimodal information, including visual frames, audio, and comments, to identify the most attractive live frames. Second, to prevent the model from collapsing into a mediocre solution, a novel pairwise loss function with first-order difference constraints is proposed to utilize the contrastive information existing in the highlight and non-highlight frames. Additionally, we design a temporal text-video alignment module based on Dynamic Time Warping to eliminate noise caused by the ambiguity and non-sequential alignment of visual and textual information. We conduct extensive experiments on both real-world scenarios and public datasets, and our ContentCTR model outperforms traditional recommendation models in capturing real-time content changes. Moreover, we deploy the proposed method on our company platform, and the results of online A/B testing further validate its practical significance.

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