Continuous Motion Planning with Temporal Logic Specifications using Deep Neural Networks

2 Apr 2020  ·  Chuanzheng Wang, Yi-Nan Li, Stephen L. Smith, Jun Liu ·

In this paper, we propose a model-free reinforcement learning method to synthesize control policies for motion planning problems with continuous states and actions. The robot is modelled as a labeled discrete-time Markov decision process (MDP) with continuous state and action spaces. Linear temporal logics (LTL) are used to specify high-level tasks. We then train deep neural networks to approximate the value function and policy using an actor-critic reinforcement learning method. The LTL specification is converted into an annotated limit-deterministic B\"uchi automaton (LDBA) for continuously shaping the reward so that dense rewards are available during training. A na\"ive way of solving a motion planning problem with LTL specifications using reinforcement learning is to sample a trajectory and then assign a high reward for training if the trajectory satisfies the entire LTL formula. However, the sampling complexity needed to find such a trajectory is too high when we have a complex LTL formula for continuous state and action spaces. As a result, it is very unlikely that we get enough reward for training if all sample trajectories start from the initial state in the automata. In this paper, we propose a method that samples not only an initial state from the state space, but also an arbitrary state in the automata at the beginning of each training episode. We test our algorithm in simulation using a car-like robot and find out that our method can learn policies for different working configurations and LTL specifications successfully.

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