Cooperation in the spatial prisoner's dilemma game with probabilistic abstention

25 Nov 2018Marcos CardinotJosephine GriffithColm O'RiordanMatjaz Perc

Research has shown that the addition of abstention as an option transforms social dilemmas to rock-paper-scissor type games, where defectors dominate cooperators, cooperators dominate abstainers (loners), and abstainers (loners), in turn, dominate defectors. In this way, abstention can sustain cooperation even under adverse conditions, although defection also persists due to cyclic dominance... (read more)

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