Cost-Aware Learning for Improved Identifiability with Multiple Experiments

We analyze the sample complexity of learning from multiple experiments where the experimenter has a total budget for obtaining samples. In this problem, the learner should choose a hypothesis that performs well with respect to multiple experiments, and their related data distributions. Each collected sample is associated with a cost which depends on the particular experiments. In our setup, a learner performs $m$ experiments, while incurring a total cost $C$. We first show that learning from multiple experiments allows to improve identifiability. Additionally, by using a Rademacher complexity approach, we show that the gap between the training and generalization error is $O(C^{-1/2})$. We also provide some examples for linear prediction, two-layer neural networks and kernel methods.

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