Cross-modal Common Representation Learning by Hybrid Transfer Network

1 Jun 2017  ·  Xin Huang, Yuxin Peng, Mingkuan Yuan ·

DNN-based cross-modal retrieval is a research hotspot to retrieve across different modalities as image and text, but existing methods often face the challenge of insufficient cross-modal training data. In single-modal scenario, similar problem is usually relieved by transferring knowledge from large-scale auxiliary datasets (as ImageNet). Knowledge from such single-modal datasets is also very useful for cross-modal retrieval, which can provide rich general semantic information that can be shared across different modalities. However, it is challenging to transfer useful knowledge from single-modal (as image) source domain to cross-modal (as image/text) target domain. Knowledge in source domain cannot be directly transferred to both two different modalities in target domain, and the inherent cross-modal correlation contained in target domain provides key hints for cross-modal retrieval which should be preserved during transfer process. This paper proposes Cross-modal Hybrid Transfer Network (CHTN) with two subnetworks: Modal-sharing transfer subnetwork utilizes the modality in both source and target domains as a bridge, for transferring knowledge to both two modalities simultaneously; Layer-sharing correlation subnetwork preserves the inherent cross-modal semantic correlation to further adapt to cross-modal retrieval task. Cross-modal data can be converted to common representation by CHTN for retrieval, and comprehensive experiment on 3 datasets shows its effectiveness.

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