CT Super Resolution via Zero Shot Learning

16 Dec 2020  ·  Zhicheng Zhang, Shaode Yu, Wenjian Qin, Xiaokun Liang, Yaoqin Xie, Guohua Cao ·

Computed Tomography (CT) is an advanced imaging technology used in many important applications. Here we present a deep-learning (DL) based CT super-resolution (SR) method that can reconstruct low-resolution (LR) sinograms into high resolution (HR) CT images. The method synergistically combines a SR model in sinogram domain, a deblur model in image domain, and the iterative framework into a CT SR algorithm super resolution and deblur based iterative reconstruction (SADIR). We incorporated the CT domain knowledge into the SADIR and unrolled it into a DL network (SADIR Net). The SADIR Net is a zero shot learning (ZSL) network, which can be trained and tested with a single sinogram in the test time. The SADIR was evaluated via SR CT imaging of a Catphan700 physical phantom and a biological ham, and its performance was compared to the other state of the art (SotA) DL-based methods. The results show that the zero-shot SADIR-Net can indeed provide a performance comparable to the other SotA methods for CT SR reconstruction, especially in situations where training data is limited. The SADIR method can find use in improving CT resolution beyond hardware limits or lowering requirement on CT hardware.

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