Cyber-resilient Automatic Generation Control for Systems of AC Microgrids

23 Aug 2022  ·  Tong Huang, Dan Wu, Marija Ilic ·

In this paper we propose a co-design of the secondary frequency regulation in systems of AC microgrids and its cyber securty solutions. We term the secondary frequency regulator a Micro-Automatic Generation Control (Micro-AGC) for highlighting its same functionality as the AGC in bulk power systems. We identify sensory challenges and cyber threats facing the Micro-AGC. To address the sensory challenges, we introduce a new microgrid model by exploiting the rank-one deficiency property of microgrid dynamics. This model is used to pose an optimal Micro-AGC control problem that is easily implemented, because it does not require fast frequency measurements. An end-to-end cyber security solution to the False Data Injection (FDI) attack detection and mitigation is developed for the proposed Micro-AGC. The front-end barrier of applying off-the-shelf algorithms for cyber attack detection is removed by introducing a data-driven modeling approach. Finally, we propose an observer-based corrective control for an islanded microgrid and a collaborative mitigation schemes in systems of AC microgrids. We demonstrate a collaborative role of systems of microgrids during cyber attacks. The performance of the proposed cyber-resilient Micro-AGC is tested in a system of two networked microgrids.

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