Data Augmentation for Machine Translation via Dependency Subtree Swapping

13 Jul 2023  ·  Attila Nagy, Dorina Petra Lakatos, Botond Barta, Patrick Nanys, Judit Ács ·

We present a generic framework for data augmentation via dependency subtree swapping that is applicable to machine translation. We extract corresponding subtrees from the dependency parse trees of the source and target sentences and swap these across bisentences to create augmented samples. We perform thorough filtering based on graphbased similarities of the dependency trees and additional heuristics to ensure that extracted subtrees correspond to the same meaning. We conduct resource-constrained experiments on 4 language pairs in both directions using the IWSLT text translation datasets and the Hunglish2 corpus. The results demonstrate consistent improvements in BLEU score over our baseline models in 3 out of 4 language pairs. Our code is available on GitHub.

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