# Data Smashing

Investigation of the underlying physics or biology from empirical data requires a quantifiable notion of similarity - when do two observed data sets indicate nearly identical generating processes, and when they do not. The discriminating characteristics to look for in data is often determined by heuristics designed by experts, $e.g.$, distinct shapes of "folded" lightcurves may be used as "features" to classify variable stars, while determination of pathological brain states might require a Fourier analysis of brainwave activity... (read more)

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