Deceptive Planning for Resource Allocation

2 Jun 2022  ·  Shenghui Chen, Yagiz Savas, Mustafa O. Karabag, Brian M. Sadler, Ufuk Topcu ·

We consider a team of autonomous agents that navigate in an adversarial environment and aim to achieve a task by allocating their resources over a set of target locations. An adversary in the environment observes the autonomous team's behavior to infer their objective and responds against the team. In this setting, we propose strategies for controlling the density of the autonomous team so that they can deceive the adversary regarding their objective while achieving the desired final resource allocation. We first develop a prediction algorithm based on the principle of maximum entropy to express the team's behavior expected by the adversary. Then, by measuring the deceptiveness via Kullback-Leibler divergence, we devise convex optimization-based planning algorithms that deceive the adversary by either exaggerating the behavior towards a decoy allocation strategy or creating ambiguity regarding the final allocation strategy. A user study with $320$ participants demonstrates that the proposed algorithms are effective for deception and reveal the inherent biases of participants towards proximate goals.

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