Deep Convolutional Compression for Massive MIMO CSI Feedback

2 Jul 2019  ·  Qianqian Yang, Mahdi Boloursaz Mashhadi, Deniz Gündüz ·

Coded caching provides significant gains over conventional uncoded caching by creating multicasting opportunities among distinct requests. Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems require downlink channel state information (CSI) at the base station (BS) to better utilize the available spatial diversity and multiplexing gains. However, in a frequency division duplex (FDD) massive MIMO system, the huge CSI feedback overhead becomes restrictive and degrades the overall spectral efficiency. In this paper, we propose a deep learning based channel state matrix compression scheme, called DeepCMC, composed of convolutional layers followed by quantization and entropy coding blocks. In comparison with previous works, the main contributions of DeepCMC are two-fold: i) DeepCMC is fully convolutional, and it can be used in a wide range of scenarios with various numbers of sub-channels and transmit antennas; ii) DeepCMC includes quantization and entropy coding blocks and minimizes a cost function that accounts for both the rate of compression and the reconstruction quality of the channel matrix at the BS. Simulation results demonstrate that DeepCMC significantly outperforms the state of the art compression schemes in terms of the reconstruction quality of the channel state matrix for the same compression rate, measured in bits per channel dimension.

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