Deep Geospatial Interpolation Networks

Interpolation in Spatio-temporal data has applications in various domains such as climate, transportation, and mining. Spatio-Temporal interpolation is highly challenging due to the complex spatial and temporal relationships. However, traditional techniques such as Kriging suffer from high running time and poor performance on data that exhibit high variance across space and time dimensions. To this end, we propose a novel deep neural network called as Deep Geospatial Interpolation Network(DGIN), which incorporates both spatial and temporal relationships and has significantly lower training time. DGIN consists of three major components: Spatial Encoder to capture the spatial dependencies, Sequential module to incorporate the temporal dynamics, and an Attention block to learn the importance of the temporal neighborhood around the gap. We evaluate DGIN on the MODIS reflectance dataset from two different regions. Our experimental results indicate that DGIN has two advantages: (a) it outperforms alternative approaches (has lower MSE with p-value < 0.01) and, (b) it has significantly low execution time than Kriging.

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