Deep Statistic Shape Model for Myocardium Segmentation

Accurate segmentation and motion estimation of myocardium have always been important in clinic field, which essentially contribute to the downstream diagnosis. However, existing methods cannot always guarantee the shape integrity for myocardium segmentation. In addition, motion estimation requires point correspondence on the myocardium region across different frames. In this paper, we propose a novel end-to-end deep statistic shape model to focus on myocardium segmentation with both shape integrity and boundary correspondence preserving. Specifically, myocardium shapes are represented by a fixed number of points, whose variations are extracted by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Deep neural network is used to predict the transformation parameters (both affine and deformation), which are then used to warp the mean point cloud to the image domain. Furthermore, a differentiable rendering layer is introduced to incorporate mask supervision into the framework to learn more accurate point clouds. In this way, the proposed method is able to consistently produce anatomically reasonable segmentation mask without post processing. Additionally, the predicted point cloud guarantees boundary correspondence for sequential images, which contributes to the downstream tasks, such as the motion estimation of myocardium. We conduct several experiments to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method on several benchmark datasets.

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