Detecting Out-Of-Distribution Samples Using Low-Order Deep Features Statistics

The ability to detect when an input sample was not drawn from the training distribution is an important desirable property of deep neural networks. In this paper, we show that a simple ensembling of first and second order deep feature statistics can be exploited to effectively differentiate in-distribution and out-of-distribution samples... Specifically, we observe that the mean and standard deviation within feature maps differs greatly between in-distribution and out-of-distribution samples. Based on this observation, we propose a simple and efficient plug-and-play detection procedure that does not require re-training, pre-processing or changes to the model. The proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art by a large margin in all standard benchmarking tasks, while being much simpler to implement and execute. Notably, our method improves the true negative rate from 39.6% to 95.3% when 95% of in-distribution (CIFAR-100) are correctly detected using a DenseNet and the out-of-distribution dataset is TinyImageNet resize. The source code of our method will be made publicly available. read more

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