Skin3D: Detection and Longitudinal Tracking of Pigmented Skin Lesions in 3D Total-Body Textured Meshes

2 May 2021  ·  Mengliu Zhao, Jeremy Kawahara, Kumar Abhishek, Sajjad Shamanian, Ghassan Hamarneh ·

We present an automated approach to detect and longitudinally track skin lesions on 3D total-body skin surface scans. The acquired 3D mesh of the subject is unwrapped to a 2D texture image, where a trained objected detection model, Faster R-CNN, localizes the lesions within the 2D domain. These detected skin lesions are mapped back to the 3D surface of the subject and, for subjects imaged multiple times, we construct a graph-based matching procedure to longitudinally track lesions that considers the anatomical correspondences among pairs of meshes and the geodesic proximity of corresponding lesions and the inter-lesion geodesic distances. We evaluated the proposed approach using 3DBodyTex, a publicly available dataset composed of 3D scans imaging the coloured skin (textured meshes) of 200 human subjects. We manually annotated locations that appeared to the human eye to contain a pigmented skin lesion as well as tracked a subset of lesions occurring on the same subject imaged in different poses. Our results, when compared to three human annotators, suggest that the trained Faster R-CNN detects lesions at a similar performance level as the human annotators. Our lesion tracking algorithm achieves an average matching accuracy of 88% on a set of detected corresponding pairs of prominent lesions of subjects imaged in different poses, and an average longitudinal accuracy of 71% when encompassing additional errors due to lesion detection. As there currently is no other large-scale publicly available dataset of 3D total-body skin lesions, we publicly release over 25,000 3DBodyTex manual annotations, which we hope will further research on total-body skin lesion analysis.

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